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Handicraft [%u02C8hænd%u026A%u02CCkr%u0251%u02D0f t]
1. skill or dexterity in working with the hands
2. (Clothing, Personal Arts & Crafts / Crafts) a particular skill or art performed with the hands, such as weaving, pottery, etc.
3. (Clothing, Personal Arts & Crafts / Crafts) the work produced by such a skill or art local handicraft is on sale Also called handcraft
Assemblage -Assemblage is an artistic process in which a three-dimensional artistic composition is made from putting together found objects.
Beadwork - Beadwork is the art or craft of attaching beads to one another or to cloth.
Chip carving - Chip carving or chip-carving, kerbschnitt in German, is a style of carving in which knives or chisels are used to remove small chips of the material from a flat surface in a single piece.
Crochet - Crochet (pronounced /kro%u028A%u02C8%u0283e%u026A/) is a process of creating fabric from yarn using a crochet hook.
Knitting - Knitting is a method by which thread or yarn may be turned into cloth or other fine crafts.
Lathart - Lath art is a folk art using old lath wood from "plaster and lath" walls to create rustic wooden pictures.
Marquetry - Marquetry (also spelled as marqueterie) is the art and craft of covering a structural carcass with pieces of veneer forming decorative patterns, designs or pictures.
Metalwork - Metalworking is the process of working with metals to create individual parts, assemblies, or large scale structures.
Mosaic - Mosaic is the art of creating images with an assemblage of small pieces of colored glass, stone, or other materials.
Needlework - Needlework is a broad term for the handicrafts of decorative sewing and textile arts.
Pottery and Ceramics - Pottery is the ceramic ware made by potters. The place where such wares are made is also called a pottery (plural potteries).
Pressed flower craft - Pressed flower craft consists of drying flower petals and leaves in a flower press to flatten and exclude light and moisture.
Puppetry - Puppetry is a form of theatre or performance which involves the manipulation of puppets.
Quilting - Quilting is a sewing method done to join two or more layers of material together to make a thicker padded material.
Sewing - Sewing is the craft of fastening or attaching objects using stitches made with needle and thread.
Shoemaking - Shoemaking is a traditional handicraft profession, which has now been largely superseded by industrial manufacture of footwear.
Spinning - Spinning is an ancient textile art in which plant, animal or synthetic fibers are twisted together to form yarn.
Wood burning - Pyrography is the art of decorating wood or other materials with burn marks resulting from the controlled application of a heated object such as a poker.
Wood carving - Wood carving (xyloglyphy) is a form of working wood by means of a cutting tool held in the hand, resulting in a wooden figure or figurine, or in the sculptural ornamentation of a wooden object.
Woodturning - Woodturning is a form of woodworking that is used to create wooden objects on a lathe (see: also antique wooden polelathe).
Woodworking - Woodworking is the process of building, making or carving something using wood.
The handicraft sector plays a significant role in the development of the economy of the country. It's the social life of Ethiopians. These includes preserving cultural inheritance, employment generation, transformation of local raw materials into useful goods and supplies to meet the needs of both rural and urban communities, income generation and linkage with other sectors.
Hand Tools Classification
On the basis of the various purposes served, hand tools can be classified into four different sections:
Cutting, Pinching, Gripping Tools: As the name suggests, these tools are used for cutting, pinching and gripping purposes. Cutting tools are used not only to cut a physical object into pieces but also used to remove metal or wood from the workpiece by means of sheer deformation. Hand tools are also used for gripping objects by using leverage. For example: Pliers, Cutters, Snips
Striking Tools: The striking tools are the most widely used tools and they are also considered to be the the most often abused tool. Chiseling, punching and riveting can be done properly using striking tools. Hand-held striking tools have been used in a variety of disciplines as leveraged devices providing a striking force to complete endless variety of tasks. For example: Hammers, Chisels
Driving Tools: Driving hand tools are those tools which are designed in a such a way so that insertion, tightening, loosening, removing screws, bolts, nails or other pointed objects or hard to turn items is done by applying torque. These tools have mechanical advantage in applying torque. For example: Screwdrivers, Nut drivers, Hand wrenches, T-handle wrenches
Struck or Hammered Tools: Struck or hammered tools are tools used for forcing a bolt, pin, or rivet in or out of a hole. For example: Punches, Nail sets, Chisels
Common safety practices when using handicrafts:
1. Use gloves when doing handicrafts.
2. Do not rush your work.
3. Focus on what you are making handicrafts
4. Wear safety glasses.
5. Put all materials in proper places.
6. Install a fire extinguisher within the working area.
7. Always keep the work area clean and organized.
8. Avoid scattering your tools in the working area.
9. avoid using any harful materials in the area.
10. use precausionary signs in the area.